返回首页考前安装向导进入在线练习APP下载
2006年6月统考大学英语A正式试题

试点高校网络教育部分公共基础课全国统一考试

大学英语A试卷

20065

 

     

一、将你的姓名、考号填写在答题卡的规定栏内,将考号和考试科目在规定的栏内用2B铅笔涂满涂黑。考试结束后,把试卷和答题卡放在桌上。试卷和答题卡均不得带出考场。

二、仔细读懂题目的说明,并按题目要求答题。答案一定要写在答题卡的指定位置上,写在试卷上的答案无效。

三、选择题用2B铅笔将选中项涂满涂黑,主观题用蓝、黑圆珠笔或钢笔答题,使用铅笔答题无效。

 

 

 

Information for the Examinees:

 

This examination consists of THREE parts. They are:

   Part : Reading Comprehension  (50 points, 60 minutes)

   Part : Vocabulary and Structure (30 points, 30 minutes)

   Part : Writing (20 points, 30 minutes)

The total score for this examination is 100. The time allowed for this examination is 2 hours (120 minutes).

 

 Part : Reading Comprehension              (50 points)                                 

 

Instructions:

Ø         This part will take 60 minutes.

Ø         There are FIVE sections in this part.

 

Mark ALL your answers by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet, e.g.[ A ].

 

Section A  Questions 1- 5 are based on this section. (10 points)

Directions: Read the following passage and choose the best answer from A, B, C and D. Blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Vitamins are a group of substances found in food. The body needs them for life and health. So naturally, many people are concerned with the question: Am I getting enough vitamins, and am I getting the right kind?

Even though very small amounts of each vitamin are enough for the needs of the body, the worry people have about vitamins has some basis. And this has something to do with their diet --- the food they take in. A person eating a good variety of foods gets all the vitamins now known to be needed (with the possible exception of vitamin D).

The problem is that there are many people who don’t choose foods wisely, don’t get enough variety, and don’t eat the basic foods they need to get their vitamins. So the answer to this question is: No extra vitamins are needed, providing you eat proper foods. In fact, many of the vitamins cannot be stored in the body, so when extra vitamins taken in, the body simply gets rid of them. It is even harmful to put too much of certain vitamins into the body. This has been found to be true of vitamin A and D, when large amounts are taken in.

What foods supply what vitamins? Here is a quick general idea. Vitamin A, for the health of the eyes, skin, teeth, and bones, is found in green vegetables, fruits, eggs, liver and butter. Vitamin B1 which helps the nervous and digestive system and prevents certain diseases, is found in cereals, pork and liver. Vitamin B2 is found in milk, eggs, green vegetables and meats. Vitamin C, which helps bones and teeth, is found in tomatoes, certain fruits and vegetables. These are only a few of the most important vitamins the body needs.

 

1.     Vitamin A is needed by ____________ and can be found in ____________.

A.     bones/pork

B.     nervous system/milk

C.     eyes/green vegetables

D.     teeth/meats

2.     Vitamin C helps __________ while vitamin B1 is very important to ________.

A.     teeth/digestive system

B.     skin/bones

C.     bones/liver

D.     eyes/meats

3.     Vitamins are a group of substances found in _____________.

A.     body

B.     food

C.     pork

D.     digestive system

4.     The body needs ___________ for life and health.

A.     extra vitamins

B.     a good variety of vitamins

C.     large amounts of certain vitamins

D.     small amounts of each vitamin

5.     If you take in more vitamins than you actually need, ________.

A.     they are harmful to your body

B.     you get all the vitamins now known to be needed

C.     they help our bodies more properly

D.     your body simply gets rid of them

 

Section B  Questions 6-10 are based on this section. (10 points)

Directions: Read the following passage and choose the best answer from A, B, C and D. Blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the habit of rushing through life and working from morning till night, it is hard to slow down. But relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body.

Stress is a natural part of everyday life and there is no way to avoid it. In fact, it is not the bad thing it is often supposed to be. A certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and give purpose to life. It is only when the stress gets out of control that it can lead to poor performance and ill health.

The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual. Some people are not afraid of stress and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities. Others lose heart at the first signs of unusual difficulties. When exposed to stress, in whatever form, we react both chemically and physically. In fact we make choice between “flight or fight” and in more primitive days the choices made the difference between life or death. The crises we meet today are unlikely to be so extreme, but however little the stress, it involves the same response. It is when such a reaction lasts long, through continued exposure to stress, that health becomes endangered. Such serious conditions as high blood pressure and heart diseases have established links with stress. Since we cannot remove stress from our lives it would be unwise to do so even if we could, we need to find ways to deal with it.

 

6.     People are finding less and less time to relax themselves because ________. 

A.     they do not know how to enjoy themselves

B.     they do not believe that relaxation is important for health

C.     they are traveling fast all the time

D.     they are becoming busier with their work

7.     According to the author, the most important character for a good manager is his ________.

A.     not fearing stress

B.     knowing the art of relaxation

C.     high sense of responsibility

D.     having control over performance

8.     Which of the following statements is TRUE? 

A.     We can find some ways to remove stress.

B.     Stress is always harmful to people.

C.     It is easy to change the habit of keeping oneself busy with work.

D.     Different people can withstand different amount of stress.

9.     In paragraph 3, “such a reaction” refers back to ________. 

A.     “making a choice between ‘flight or fight’”

B.     “reaction to stress both chemically and physically”

C.     “responding to crises quickly”

D.     “losing heart at the signs of difficulties”

10.  In the last sentence of the article, “do so” refers to ________. 

A.     “expose ourselves to stress”

B.     “find ways to deal with stress”

C.     “remove stress from our lives”

D.     “establish links between diseases and stress”

 

Section C  Questions 11-15 are based on this section. (10 points)

Directions: In this section, there is one passage followed by a total of five pieces of information marked 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 in Column A. Match them with their correspondent parts marked A, B, C, D and E in Column B. Skim or scan the text as required and then blacken your answers on your answer sheet.

Five Foods to Boost Your Health

What if you could make a conscious effort to add five healthy foods to your plate and make an improvement in your longevity? The key is to outsmart your body, which, as you age, is busy half-forming or damaging your cells, rather than creating healthy new cells resistant to cancer, rapid aging, and other illnesses. These cells are damaged by "free radicals," a very reactive and unstable atom or groups of atoms with an odd, unpaired number of electrons. When free radicals bang into DNA in your cells, they can damage it, leading to bad cell behavior such as cancer.

Healthy Food No. 1: Leafy greens: The most nutritious and fiber-filled greens include kale (甘蓝), mustard greens, broccoli, bok choy, and of course, spinach.

Healthy Food No. 2: Olive oil: Another powerhouse food is olive oil, which just happens to pair perfectly with leafy dark-green vegetables. Olive oil not only doesn''''t cling to arteries, narrowing them, as do some saturated fats, but it contains powerful antioxidants called polyphenols found in many teas. Polyphenols can help keep some cells, such as those which cause breast and colon cancer, from warping and causing trouble.

Healthy Food No. 3: Flaxseeds:  Flaxseeds are rich in fiber, which lowers cholesterol (胆固醇) and prevents constipation. The little wonders also contain another polyphenol compound that may protect against cancer. The seeds and their oil also contain those heart smart omega-3 fatty acids you''''ve heard so much about.

Healthy Food No. 4: Oatmeal:  Oatmeal is good for you. Oats rush cholesterol out of your system, cutting those important numbers. Most nutritionists suggest eating the long-cooking kind of oats versus instant. If eaten as a cereal, this can be garnished with milk and a spray of brown sugar or even a little butter.

Healthy Food No. 5: Tea:  If you sip on soda at the desk, substituting green tea could be a lifesaver. Even black teas -- and especially the new, trendy "white tea"-- also can up your antioxidant levels. The beautiful, pale, green tea is rich in polyphenols, a free radical fighter. Green tea also may boost your metabolism, helping you burn off food.

 

 

A

 

B

11.

a very reactive and unstable atom or groups of atoms with an odd, unpaired number of electrons. When they bang into DNA in your cells, they can damage it, leading to bad cell behavior such as cancer.                                  

 

A. saturated fats

12.

Some kinds of fat which cling to arteries, narrowing them

 

B. polyphenols

13.

The powerful antioxidants found in olive oil, flaxseeds and many teas. They can help keep some cells, such as those which cause breast and colon cancer, from warping and causing trouble.

 

C. white tea

14.

 

A kind of healthy food, its seeds and their oil   also contain heart smart omega-3 fatty acids

 

 

D. free radicals

 

15.

A new popular drink of beautiful, pale, green tea which can raise your antioxidant levels and is considered a free radical fighter

 

 

E. flaxseeds

 

 

Section D  Questions 16 - 20 are based on this section. (10 points)

Directions: Read the following passage and choose the best answer from A, B, C and D. Blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 

A Letter from Tim’s Brother

Dear Tim,

I have thought over very seriously the questions you raised about going to university. Weighing all the factors involved and appreciating your personal difficulties, I am nevertheless convinced that you should try to make it.

Given the choice of two young people to hire for the same salary, ninety-nine out of one hundred employers will pick a college graduate. In the long run, a university education is a solid financial investment that will pay a lifetime dividends in increased earning power, as well as in personal satisfaction. If you fail to enter university this year, the probability is that you will never get around to going and for the rest of your life you will feel that every university graduate has a big advantage over you.

The financial difficulties are very real, Tim. I don’t want to underestimate them. But such difficulties have been overcome by a great many young people, some of whom have gone on to win national prominence. It isn’t at all unusual for a boy to work his way through university full-time during the vocations and part-time during term. The biggest sacrifice is being made by Mother, who has a right to expect you to help with the household expenses at your age. Mother is, I am sure , more than willing to make that sacrifice.

I am not going to tell you that working your way through university is easy. It means that you will have to work hard for at least four years, perhaps even five or six, if you want to be a post-graduate. You will have to miss some of the fun that other boys get out of university life. But I think that the fun you will miss in the next few years will be more than made up by the practical advantages you get from a university life. And what you do in these next few years will determine just what kind of person you will be and what kind of life you will be able to live. It is up to you to decide whether it is worth some years of hard work and sacrifice to make yourself a better-educated and more effective person.

An alternative is to go to a university where you can do on-line learning without quitting your job. In this way, you might be able to work full time and attend lectures on-line at any time in any places accessible to the Internet. This, of course, may mean that you’ll have to work even harder and longer hours.

    I hope you will make the kind of decision that you won’t ever regret.

Affectionately yours

John

 

16. From the letter, we can see that _____.

A. Tim wants to go to university very much

B. Tim has some financial difficulty to go to university

C. Tim does not want to go to university

D. Tim’s mother is eager for him to go to university

17. According to John, if Tim fails to enter university this year, he will probably _____.

A. manage to overcome his difficulties and go to university later around

B. feel he will never get any advantages of a university student

C. make some sacrifice for his mother

D. never get another chance to go to university

18. What is NOT the advantage of a university education that John mentions in this letter?

A. A college graduate will pay a lifetime dividends.

B. A university education will satisfy a person’s pursuit of self-fulfillment.

C. A university education will make one a better-educated and more effective person.

D. A university education will enable a graduate to earn more money.

19. Working one’s way through university is not easy, because ______.

A. one will miss some of the fun that other boys get out of university life

B. one will have to make up some practical advantages over other people

C. one will have to work hard for at least four years

D. one must ask his mother to make the biggest sacrifice

20. John thinks that Tim could _____.

A. help Mother with household expenses while going to university

B. overcome difficulties to win national prominence

C. determine just what kind of person he will be and what kind of life he wants to live

D. work full-time and do on-line learning in a university accessible to the Internet

 

Section E   Questions 21- 25 are based on this section. (10 points)

Directions: Read the following passage and choose the best answer from A, B, C and D. Blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

President Coolidge’s statement, “The business of America is business”, still points to an important truth today—that business institutions have more prestige in American society than any other kind of organization, including the government. Why do business institutions possess this great prestige?

One reason is that Americans view business as being more firmly based on the ideal of competition than other institutions in society. Since competition is seen as the major source of progress and prosperity by most Americans, competitive business institutions are respected. Competition is not only good in itself, it is the means by which other basic American values such as individual freedom, equality of opportunity, and hard work are protected.

Competition protects the freedom of the individual by ensuring that there is no monopoly of power. In contrast to one, all-powerful government, many businesses compete against each other for profits. Theoretically, if one business tries to take unfair advantage of its customers, it will lose to competing business which treats its customers more fairly. Where many businesses compete for the customers’ dollar, they cannot afford to treat them like inferiors or slaves.

A contrast is often made between business, which is competitive, and government, which is a monopoly. Because business is competitive, many Americans believe that it is more supportive of freedom than government, even though government leaders are elected by the people and business leaders are not. Many Americans believe, then, that competition is as important, or even more important, than democracy in preserving freedom.

Competition in business is also believed to strengthen the ideal of equality of opportunity. Competition is seen as an open and fair race where success goes to the swiftest person regardless of his or her social class backgroundCompetitive success is commonly seen as the American alternative to social rank based on family background. Business is therefore viewed as an expression of the ideal of equality of opportunity rather than a aristocratic (贵族的) ideal of inherited privilege.

 

21. The statement “The business of America is business” probably means ________.

  1. the business institutions in America are concerned with commerce
  2. business problems are of great importance to the American government
  3. business is of primary concern to Americans
  4. America is a great power in world business

22. Americans believe that they can realize their personal values only ________.

A.  when given equality of opportunity

B.  through doing business

C.  by protecting their individual freedom

D.  by way of competition

23. Who can benefit from business competition?

A.       Honest businessmen.

B.       Both businessmen and their customers.

C.       All-powerful government.

D.       Both business institutions and government.

24. Government is believed to differ strikingly from business in that government is

characterized by ________.

  1. its absolute control of power
  2. its function in preserving personal freedom
  3. its role in protecting basic American values
  4. its democratic way of exercising leadership

25. It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes ________.

  1. Americans are more ambitious than people in other countries
  2. in many countries success often depends on one’s social status
  3. American businesses are more democratic than those in other countries
  4. businesses in other countries are not as competitive as those in America

 

Part : Vocabulary and Structure             (30 points)                                 

 

Instructions:

Ø         This part will take 30 minutes.

Ø         There are TWO sections in this part.

Mark ALL your answers by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet, e.g. [ A ].

 

Section A    Questions 26- 35 are based on this section. (15 points)

Directions: Read the following sentences and choose the best answer from A, B, C and D. Blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

26. There is no __________ in applying for that job as you are not properly qualified.

   A. reason         B. result            C. chance           D. point

  27. He didn’t _________ his mother that he was telling the truth.

   A. admit         B. insure           C. convince             D. believe

28. The audience _______warm cheers.

A. broke off       B. broke in          C. broke into        D. broke in on

29. The two countries solved their __________ about boundary through negotiations.

A. argument       B. debate           C. dispute          D. disagreement

30. ________ the rain, the football game will begin in ten minutes.

A. In spite        B. Because          C. Provided       D. Despite

31. I __________ you had returned the book yesterday.

A.     want         B. would rather        C. liked          D. had better

32. The area of that city is about _______ that of this one.

A. four times as much as                B. as four times large as

C. as four times greater than             D. four times as big as

33. He’s at the bottom of the class, but it ______ he has no brains; he may just be very lazy.

A. follows that                  B. follows

C. doesn’t follow that              D. doesn’t follow

34. A good many proposals were raised by the delegates, __________ was to be expected.

A. that             B. what             C. so           D. as

35. It was very __________of you not to play the piano while I was sleeping.

A. considerable     B. considering        C. considered     D. considerate

 

Section B     Questions 36 - 45 are based on this section. (15 points)

Directions: Read the following passage and fill in each blank by choosing the best answer from A, B, C and D. Blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Most children with healthy appetites are ready to eat almost anything that is offered them and a child rarely dislikes food   36   it is badly cooked. The way a meal is cooked and served is most important and an attractively served meal will often improve a child’s appetite. Never ask a child   37   he likes or dislikes a food and never discuss likes and dislikes in front of him or allow   38   else to do so. If the father says he hates fat meat or the mother refuses vegetables in the child’s hearing, he is likely to copy this procedure. Take it for granted that he likes everything and he probably   39  . Nothing healthful should be omitted from the meal because of a   40   dislike. At meal times it is a good idea to give a child a small portion and let him come back for a second helping rather than give him as  41  as he is likely to eat all at once. Do not talk too much to the child  42  meal times, but let him get on with his food, and do not  43  him to leave the table immediately after a meal or he will   44  learn to swallow his food so he can hurry back to his toys. Under   45   circumstances must a child be coaxed or forced to eat.

 

36.

A. if  

B. until

C. that

D. unless

37.

A. whether

B. what

C. that

D. which

38.

A. everybody   

B. anybody

C. somebody

D. nobody

39.

A. should  

B. may 

C. will

D. must

40.

A. supposed

B. proved

C. considered

D. related

41.

A. much

B. little

C. few

D. many

42.

A. on  

B. over

C. by

D. during

43.

A. agree

B. allow

C. force   

D. persuade

44.

A. hurriedly

B. soon

C. fast

D. slowly

45.

A. some

B. any

C. such

D. no

 

Part : Writing             (20 points)                                  

 

Instructions:

Ø         This part will take 30 minutes.

Ø         Your essay should be no less than 150 words.

Write your essay on the Answer Sheet.

 

There are different ways of travel: package tour (随团出游)self-drive(自驾车出游),and backpacking(背包徒步旅行). Write an essay on the topic “My Favorite Way of Travel”. You should choose one from the above three. And you should base your essay on the outline below.

 

1.     各式各样的旅游方式出现。

2.     你喜欢哪种旅游方式,原因是什么。

旅行者可以根据自己的需要选择适合的旅游方式。

Company 2017 | 综合教育测评服务网
京ICP备06067407 京公网安备110108002989号